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St Peter's Catholic Primary School

St Peter's Catholic Primary School

More about the EYFS Curriculum

The EYFS Curriculum

There are seven areas of learning and development in the Foundation Stage. All areas of learning and development are important and inter-connected. Three areas are particularly crucial for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, and for building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive.

Prime areas:

  • Communication and Language (CL);
  • Physical Development (PD); 
  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PSED).

Children are also supported in the following specific areas, through which the three prime areas are strengthened and applied.

The specific areas are:

  • Literacy (reading & writing) (L);
  • Mathematics (Number & Shape, Space and Measure) (M);
  • Understanding the World (UW); 
  • Expressive Arts and Design (EAD).

The ‘Characteristics of Effective Learning’:

  • playing and exploring - children investigate and experience things, and ‘have a go’;
  • active learning - children concentrate and keep on trying if they encounter difficulties, and enjoy achievements; 
  • creating and thinking critically - children have and develop their own ideas, make links between ideas, and develop strategies for doing things. 

The EYFS Curriculum Areas  - What do children learn? 

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

This area of learning involves helping children to:

  • develop a positive sense of themselves, and others;
  • to form positive relationships and develop respect for others;
  • to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings;
  • to understand appropriate behaviour in groups;
  • to have confidence in their own abilities.

PSED development feeds into all subjects of the national curriculum. We ensure that the fundamental British values of democracy, rule of law, individual liberty, mutual respect and tolerance for those with different faiths and beliefs are already implicitly embedded in our practice. An example of this is when the children share views on what the theme of their role play area could be with a show of hands, this is democracy in action.  

Physical Development

This area of learning involves providing opportunities for young children to:

  • be active and interactive;
  • to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement.

We have a well-developed outside area where the children are able to develop physically through large movements. The children will also develop their fine motor control so that they are able to hold a pen/pencil and use it to form recognisable letters. They will understand how their bodies feel when they exercise and will begin to gain more control when using different P.E. equipment.

Communication and language

This area of learning involves giving children opportunities to:

  • experience a rich language environment;
  • to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves;
  • to speak and listen in a range of situations.

We give the children opportunities to talk and listen to each other in a variety of situations inside and outside and we encourage good communication skills through clear modelling.


Literacy development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write.

We provide writing resources for both indoor and outdoor play enabling a range of opportunities to write for different purposes about things that interest children. We plan enjoyable, motivating activities and games, that help children create rhyming strings of real and imaginary words.

Children are given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest. We have a language rich environment to enable print to be seen inside and outside. We provide daily systematic synthetic phonics sessions. These are multisensory in order to capture their interests, sustain motivation and reinforce learning. 


Maths involves providing children with opportunities to:

  • develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers;
  • calculate simple addition and subtraction problems;
  • describe shapes, spaces, and measures.

The children have opportunities to explore number, shape, space and measure inside and outside.

Understanding the World

Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.

The children enjoy observing the environment outside change, watching the leaves fall, animals, birds and insects emerge. We take care to protect and respect our natural environment, finding ways to nurture and encourage the animals and plant life.

Expressive arts and design

Expressive arts and design involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.